RepentanceApril 28, 2011
PropitiationMay 1, 2011
Remission (of sins)
Greek = ἄφεσις
Strong’s Greek & Hebrew Dictionary = freedom; (figurative) pardon: – deliverance, forgiveness, liberty, remission
Merriam-Webster = 5. Forgiveness; pardon; that is, the giving up of the punishment due to a crime; as the remission of sins.
The King James Bible uses the word remission with the word sins as in “remission of sins.” John the Baptist led the demonstration of preaching the remission of sins. John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. (Mark 1:4; Luke 3:3 KJV) John tied repentance as a prerequisite to remission of sins. John was the messenger bridging the Old Testament and the New Testament. He called for repentance. To John repentance was the way to remission of sins.
The Greek word “aphesis” means a dismissal or forgiveness of sins. Remission is exemption from the consequences of an offense, forgiveness; pretermission is the suspension of the penalty. For the wages of sin is death. (Romans 6:23 KJV) The penalty is death—separation from God. Therefore, the remission of sins dismisses that penalty. Just like a jury finds the defendant guilty, but the judge dismisses the case. There is no punishment issued.
Blood is the key to remission of sins. This ties the New Testament forgiveness of sins to the Old Testament. Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. (Hebrews 9:18-22 KJV) The shedding of the blood of bulls and goats ratified the first testament or covenant. There had to be a life for a life. Life is in the blood.
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. (Romans 3:23-25 KJV) God has written the New Covenant in the blood of Jesus. God declares us forgiven through faith in His blood. Jesus offered Himself as the sacrifice of blood so everyone who believes in Him shall have the penalty of sin dismissed. God provided the way to forgiveness through the blood of Jesus.
Jesus instituted the communion service around the breaking of His body and the shedding of His Blood. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. (Matthew 26:26-28 KJV) Jesus confirmed our forgiveness by His shed blood. Paul reminds us that as often as we take the bread and the juice (or cup) we are remembering what it stands for and how the shedding of Christ’s blood has freed us from the penalty of our sins.
Peter set the pattern of our Gospel message when he proclaimed, Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. (Acts 2:38 KJV) Repent or change your thinking, believe in the name of Jesus, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. Repentance leads to understanding the finished work of Jesus on the cross and providing us forgiveness and salvation by grace through faith.
We can be thankful that Jesus is the way of salvation through the shedding of His blood on the cross. His sacrifice—His life for ours. We deserved the penalty of death, but Jesus paid the penalty and remitted our sins stamping them paid in full. The issue of sin is forever settled. Jesus is the mercy-seat as well as His blood is incorruptible. Our sins are forgiven, past, present, and future. Jesus went to the cross once for all time, unlike the annual sacrifice of blood and goats in the Old Testament.
The sin question is settled. God has set us free. Sin no longer has power over us. This is all a gift. It is God’s amazing grace. We can’t earn it not can we merit it. It is a gift. We receive this marvelous gift of grace through faith in the finished work of Jesus on the cross.